The World Encompassed.

The first European maritime empires c.800 - 1650.

Methuen, London and New York,





chapter 1

The Norse

'The Seas their Land'

The Norse Impact

Bibliographical Note

chapter 2

The Hanse

The German east

An empire of trade

The Hanseatic legacy

Bibliographical Note


chapter 3 The Venetian Republic

The most triumphant city

The east in fee

Prolonged recessional

A new hegemony

Bibliographical Note


chapter 4 The Genoese Republic

A Genoese Age

A microcosm of empire


Imperial imprint

Bibliographical Note


chapter 5 Portugal

The empire of India

The Atlantic and Africa

Motives and methods

Birth and Death of a new age

A chronicle of disaster

Bibliographical Note



chapter 6 Spain

Hispana Victrix

Spain in America

Masters and Slaves

The roots of empire

The practice of empire

Spaniard and Indian

From Cortes to Quixote

Bibliographical Note


chapter 7 Holland

Dominion of the Seas

Private profit and public good

The business of empire in Asia

The rise and fall of the West India company

'Oracles of commerce'

Bibliographical Note


chapter 8 France

Promise unfilled

Frenchmen and redskins in Canada

A non-imperial state

The Noble Savage and Indian rights

Bibliographical Note


Chapter 9 England

Armed and Aggressive beginnings

Routes to the east and the rise of the East India Company

Pioneer and planter in America and the West Indies

New commercial horizons; old intellectual boundaries