Humour and the Humorous -


teaching notes


01The Writer ;
W.H.Auden ( "Notes on the Comic", in The Dyer's Hand and other Essays , 1962).

Charles Baudelaire, On the Essence of Laughter , and in general, On the Comic in the Plastic Arts, (1855)

Max Beerbohm, "Laughter" in And Even Now , 1920

Henri Bergson, Laughter , 1900

Charles Darwin, The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872)

Ralph Waldo Emerson, "The Comic" in Letters and Social Aims , (1883)

Lucien Fabre, Le Rire and les rieurs (1929)

Henry Fielding, preface to Henry Andrews (1742)

Sigmund Freud Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious , 1905; Humour, (1927)

David Hartley, Observations on Man (1749)

William Hazlit, "On Wit and Humour", in Lectures on the English Comic Writers (1819)

Johann Huizinga, Homo Ludens , (1944)

Leigh Hunt, Wit and Humour (1848)

Laurent Joubert, Traite du ris, (1579)

Suzanne Langer, "Great Dramatic Forms : The Comic Rhythm", Feeling and Form (1953)

George Meredith, The Idea of Comedy and the Uses of the Comic Spirit , (1877)
Marcel Pagnol, Notes sur le Rire, (1947)

Luigi Pirandello, L'Umorismo (1920)

Herbert Spencer, "The Physiology of Laughter" in Essays Scientific Political and Speculative ((1868-74)
02 Literary and Narrative Conventions
of the Humorous (don't expect to know them all) from Evan Esar, The Humor of Humor , Phoenix, London 1954,
Types of Humour
( The Wisecrack, The Epigram, The Riddle,
The Conundrum, The Gag, The Joke, The Anecdote)
Techniques of Humour
(The Chain, The Round, The Pendulum, Blunting, The Reversible, Cumulative Humour, The Nutshell)
(Tangletalk, The Spoonerism, Fuddletalk, The Tongue Twister, Babytalk, Cockney, Doubletalk)
(The Pun, The Wellerism, The Transposer, The Antonymist, The Blendword, The Repeatism, The Macaronic)
The Fool

( The Fooltown, The Gothamite Tale, The April Fool, The Absent Minded Professor, The Fool's Query, The Little Moron)
The Slip
(The Malapropism, The Boner, The Bull, The Goldwynism, The Freudian Slip)
The Blunder

( Mistaken Identity, The Double Blunder, The Typographic Error, The Bonehead, The Recovery, The Relapse)
The Wisecrack

(The Biogram, The Height, The Caricaturism, The Caller, The Daughter, The personifier, The You-Tell-'Em)
The Gag
(Repartee, The Panhandle, The Hecklerism, The Sentry, Who was that Lady ? Knock, Knock, The Soup Fly)
The Trick

(The Practical Joke, The Catch, The Seat Getter, The Trick Sign, The Trick Bet, The Attention Getter)
The Twist
(Twist Wit, The Extended Proverb, The Laffer, The Parkerism, The Marshallism)
(Types )
(Satire, Irony, Parody, Sarcasm, Burlesque)
The Epigram
(The Adviser, The Before and After, The Old Fashioned Girl, The Rhyming Epigram, The Confucian Saying)
The Funny Story

(The Shaggy Dog Story, The Tall Tale, The Marred Anecdote, The Fable, The Catch Tale)
(The Nonsensism, The Limerick, Feminine Logic, The Exaggerism, The Little Willie)

"To all the banterers, buffoons, burlesquers, caricaturists, cartoonists, clowns, comics or comedians, cynics, funny fiends, gongorists, ironists, jesters and jokers, laughing lovers, mythmakers, parodists, punsters, quipsters, raconteurs, railers, satirists, scoffers, wits and witlings, zanies and one wise wife who over the years have made me laugh." Dedication to N.H.Holland's Laughing, a Psychology of Humour , Cornell Univ Press Ithaca, 1982