for Soon Sun Hwang


"Little seems to have been known about the tiger in medieval times, and it is rarely named in collections of medieval arms. The animal that appeared on the arms of Sir John Norwich, a fourteenth century knight, is supposed to be a tiger but it looks like a lion with a handlebar moustache" Beryl Rowland, Blind Beasts, beneath







Carola Hicks, Animals in Early Medieval Art, University of Edinburgh Press, Edinburgh, 1993;

Beryl Rowland, Blind Beasts in Chaucer, Chaucer's Animal World, Kent State University Press, 1971

CONTENTS The Traditions; Aspects of Chaucer's use of animals; Animals mainly from Tradition; Animals Mainly from Nature; The Boar; The Hare; The Wolf; The Horse; The Sheep; The Dog; Conclusion. With a comprehensive list of references cited.

Kenneth Clark, Animals and Men; Their relationship as reflected in Western art from prehistory to the present day, Morrow and Co., New York, 1977.

Francis Klingender, Animals in Art and Thought to the End of the Middle Ages, MIT Press, Cambridge Mass., 1971

Jessica Rawson, Animals in Art, British Museum Press, London, 1977. Hunting. Animals in the Service of Man. Animals in Thought and Religion. Signs and Emblems. Stories and Fables. Animals as Ornaments. Animals Studied and Described.

Rudolph Wittkower, "Marvels of the East. A study in the history of monsters', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld, Vol. v London 1966

Jonathan Riddell and Peter Denton, By Underground to the Zoo, London Transport Posters 1913 to the Present, Studio Vista, London, 1994.

Stella Snead, Animals from Four Worlds, (with texts by Wendy Doniger and George Michell) University of Chicago Press, Chicago and London, 1989 - in the worlds of Nature - the Human World - the Divine World, and Fantasy. Photography of animal scuplture in India.




Mildred Archer, Natural History Drawings in the India Office Library, London 1962.

Willene Clark and Meradith McMunn, Birds and Beasts of the Middle Ages, The Bestiary and its Legacy, Pennsylvania University Press, Philadelphia 1989.

Ernst Gombrich, Art and Illusion, A study in the Psychology of Pictorial representation, Phaidon, Oxford, 1991 etc, see particularly Part II "Truth and the Stereotype". p.71 representations of the Rhinoceros.

Basil taylor, Stubbs, Phaidon Oxford, 1971 plate 40 "TIGER" 1763 - 8. See also Tate Gallery Stubbs Catalogue 1992.




Jean Chevalier and Alain Gheerbrant, The Penguin Dictionary of Symbols, Penguin London 1996, e.g. pheasant, otter, horse, tiger.





William Blake, The Tiger





Edward Said, Culture and Imperialism, Chatto and Windus, London 1993.

John M.Mackenzie, Propaganda and Empire, The manipulation of British Public Opinion 1880 - 1960, Manchester University Press, Manchester, 1984. The vehicles of imperial propaganda. The theatre of Empire. The cinema, radio and the Empire. The imperial exhibition. The Imperial Institute. Imperial propaganda societies and imperial studies. Imperialism and the school textbook. Imperialism and juvenile literature. Imperial propaganda and extra-curricular activities. Conclusion - Sources.

John M.Mackenzie(ed) Imperialism and Popular Culture, Manchester University Press, Manchester, 1986. Patriotism and Empire: Music Hall entertainment. British imperialism and popular art 1880 - 1914. The image of England in Victorian and Edwardian juvenile fiction. Showbiz imperialism : the case of Peter Lobengula. The grit of our forfatahers, invented traditions, propaganda and imperialism. Boy's Own Empire, feature films and imperialism in the 1930's. In touch with the Infinite, the BBC and the Empire. The Empire Marketing Board and imperial propaganda 1926 -1923. Citizens of the Empire: Baden-Powell, Scouts and Guides and an imperial ideal.




Louise Seaman Bechtel, Books in search of Children, Macmillan London 1969recommended essays

Diane Klemin, The Illustrated Book Its art and craft, Bramhall, New York 1970 - book design, The Artist's Contribution, The History of Illustration, The Contemporary Book, The Influence of the Second World War, the poresent freedom of illustration,

the art and craft of Illustration - line drawings - Woodcuts, linoleum cuts, wood engravings, Two colour line drawings, Wash Drawings, Pencil Drawings, Drawing for Direct Contact - Fiull color, Art in Color Sepration,

the story tellers Alexeieff, Ambrus, Ardizzone, Baskin, Bemelmans, Thomas Hart Benton, Isabel Bishop, bernarda Bryson, Covarrubias, Calder, Chappell, Erni, Dwiggins... etc

and Bibliography.

Marina Warner, No Go the Bogeyman, Scaring, Lulling and Making Mock, Chatto and Windus London 1998





James Riordan, Alex Ayliffe (Illustrator). My G-R-R-R-Reat Uncle Tiger 1995

Joan Stimson, Meg Rutherford (Illustrator). A New Home for Tiger 1997

Ginger Wadsworth, James M. Needham (Illustrator) One Tiger Growls : A Counting Book of Animal Sounds 1999

Keiko Kasza The Rat and the Tiger 1997

Kees Moerbeek(Illustrator) Am I A Tiger? 1996

Jwing-Ming Yang, Li Xieu-Lin (Illustrator) The Fox Borrows the Tiger's Awe 1991

Marsha Diane Arnold, Jamichael Henterly (Illustrator) Heart of a Tiger 1995

Cory J Meacham. How the Tiger Lost Its Stripes: An Exploration into the Endangerment of a Species 1997

Laurence Antony, Tony Gibbons (Illustrator). Saber-Toothed Tiger (The Extinct SpeciesCollection) 1996

Brian Gleeson, Kurt Vargo (Illustrator). The Tiger and the Brahmin (We All Have Tales) 1992

Vivian French, Rebecca Elgar (Illustrator). Tiger and the Temper Tantrum 1999

Vivian French, Rebecca Elgar (Illustrator) Tiger and the New Baby 1999








H.W.Janson, Apes and Ape Lore in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, The Warburg Institute,, University of London 1952.

Ptolemy Tompkins, The Monkey in Art,Antique Collector's Club, Woodbridge and New York, 1994,

CONTENTS Ancient and Classical Worlds; The Middle Ages from Sinner to Comic; The Renaissance and The Monkey Dance; Rococo and Singerie; India nd Hanuman; Japan and the Monkey Performance; China - the Monkey as Sage; Natural History; Nineteenth and Twentieth Century - Eden Revisited, Bibliog.

Robert Hans Van Gulik, The Gibbon in China : An Essay in Chinese Animal Lore, Brill, Leiden, 1967.

Laurie Platt Winfrey, The Unforgettable Elephant, Walker, New York, 1980

Jaromir Malek, The Cat in Ancient Egypt, British Museum Press, London 1997; Chronological Chart; Prologue; Running Free - The wild cats; Together at Last - The domestic cats; A poor man's lion - The divine cats; Pride goes before a fall - The story cats; Buried with full honours - The mummified cats. Epilogue. Selected bibliography.

Patrizia Ribuoli and Marina Robbiani, FROGS Art.Legend, History, Bulfinch Library of Collectibles, Boston, 1990.

"The Man Eater just arrived"

from a London Transport Poster, see Riddell and Denton above.