Images in Practice





"One of the great basic inventions of mankind, as important for the growth of civilisation as the wheel or the firing of glass, paper is a fabulous material, diverse ion qualities and adaptable in use. Rough and smooth, delicate and strong, prized and despised - on it Shakespeare wrote sonnets and Durer drew praying hands, while the fishmonger wraps cod in it..."

Trevor Thomas, intro. to Pauline Johnson,

CREATING WITH PAPER, Kaye, London, 1960.












A. van Breda (translated by W.E.James) , Pleasure with Paper, Faber and Faber London, 1964 published in Holland as PLEZIER MET PAPER.

Robert Harbin, ORIGAMI, The Art of Paper-Folding, Hodder & Stoughton1970 [1968] A History. The essentials. A Note on Symbols. Reverse folds. Then a list of examples. The author was a stage magician.

Pauline Walsh, Creating with Paper, Basic Forms and Inventions, Nicholas Kaye Limited London 1960

Minnie McLeish, Colour Cuts, The Dryad Press, Leicester, undated c1950. Some Practical Hints about the Handling of Coloured Papers. Designing with coloured shapes... Shaping things with scissors... Decorations... scrapbooks and picture postcards.

O.J.Tonks, Scissor Crafts , a new approach to pattern and picture through paper for children of all ages, The Dryad Press, Leicester, undated c1950.

Thomas Bayley, Model Making in Cardboard The Dryad Press, Leicester, 1958.

Arthur Sadler, Paper Sculpture, Blandford Press, London, 1955 [1946]

Minnie McLeish, Colour Cuts, The Dryad Press, Leicester, undated c1950.

Christabel Russell Cox, Cut Paper Work, The Dryad Press, Leicester, 1958 [1952].

exhibition catalogue,50 years bauhaus, Royal Academy of Arts, London 1968, see catalogue section on the preliminary course and teaching (itten and albers).

aspects of




Edward Denison and Richard Cawthray, Packaging Prototypes, Watson-Guptill, New York, 1999. A Short History of Packaging. The Principles of Packaging. Packaging and the Environment, Classic Packages. The Carton. Different Types of Closures. Packaging Materials. Icon Key. Line key. The Designs. The Templates.With CDROM.

Penny Sparke, Japanese Design,Michael Joseph, London, 1987. Chapter 6, Graphics and Packaging.

Allan Plowman and K.C.Matthews, Animated Display Blandford Press, London, 1959. Action for advertising display, paper elements.

Display Magazine, Show Window Backgrounds, Blandford Press, London 1937, [1928]





John Krill, English Artists Paper, Trefoil, London 1997 an exhibition catalogue in conjunction with the Victoria and Albert Museum

Sylvie Turner and Birgit Skiold, Handmade Paper Today, A Worldwide survey of mills, papers, techniques and uses, Lund Humphries, London 1983. Chapter 6, Characteristics of a sheet of paper.Chapter 7 care of paper.

Einen Miura, The Art of Marbled Paper, Marbled Patterns and How to Make Them, Zaehnsdorf, London 1989[1988]

Judith A.McGaw, Most Wonderful Machine, Mechanisation and Social Change in Berkshire[US] Paper making 1801 -1883, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1987.





Jack Cowart, Jack D.Flam, Dominique Fourcade and John Hallmark Neff, exhibition catalogue published by The St Louis Art Museum and The Detroit Institute of Art, Henry Matisse Paper Cut-Outs, 1977.

Johann-Jakob Hauswirth and Louis-David Saugy, Paper Cuts, Thames and Hudson, London, 1980.

Diane Waldman, Collage and the Found Object, Phaidon, London 1992. Cubism. Futurism. The Russian Avant Garde. Dada. Surrealism. Matisse. Abstract Expressionism. After Abstract Expressionism. Assemblage and Pop Art. the New Object. Appropriation.

Hans-Christian Anderson and Grandfather Drewsen, Christine's Picture Book, Kingfisher, London, 1984, with scissor work by Anderson. Papercuts made by the author for the child of a friend and included in her scrap-album.

Makizo Azakami, The Great Paper Toy Show, Chronoicle Books, San Francisco, 1990. A range of objects made in miniature by the artist, living in Tokyo. Fruit Suit. Just Married. How Sweet it is. Winning Awards.

Aaron Scharf, Art and Photography, Allen Lane, Penguin, 1969. see chapter on collage, montage and scrapbooks.

Pablo Picasso , figures for Cocteau's ballet PARADE, 1917 at the Theatre du Chatelet, Paris

Fortunato Depero, Futurist Puppets in Paper



[pop up]


Lothar Meggendorfer, International Circus, reproduction pop-up book, Kestrel/The Viking Press, undated c1980 [1887]

Edward Gorey, The Dwindling Party, pop-up book, Heinemann, undated c 1985.

Red Grooms, Ruckus Rodeo, pop-up book, Abrams MOMA New York 1978

Ernest Nisder, Revolving Pictures, mobile book, Collins, London 1979 [1892] Abrams MOMA New York 1978







Alit Djajasoebrata, Shadow Theatre in Java with the Museum of Performance and Repertoire, Rotterdam, Pepin Press, Amsterdam 1999.


Helen Ibbetson Jessup, Court Arts of Indonesia Asia Society Gallery/Abrams, New York, 1992,3.


Alistair Allen and Joan Hoverstadt, The History of Painted Scraps , New Cavendish Books, London, 1983 . Introduction (The Techniques of Printing. Applications of the Scrap). The Development of the Scrap (1800 - 1850; 1850 - 1880; 1880 - 1900; 1900 - 1930's). Scrap colour section. The Scrap producers. Bibliog.

Lillie B. and Arthur C.Horth, 101 Things for Little Folk To Do., Batsford London 1942 [1936]. Typical of its kind , for 5 to 8 year old children using materials that are found around the home for folding and colouring exercises

Leonard S.Marcus. An Epinal Album, Godine, Boston, 1984 has a flat paper print of Pierrot c1890 to be cut out and assembled.

Jean Adhemar, Imagerie Populaire Francaise, Electa , Venice 1968.


Brian Love, GREAT BOARD GAMES, Roxbury Press London 1979. Deals with appropriate issues such as counters, constructions, folding boards etc.

Jean Hamilton, Playing Cards in the Victoria and Albert Museum, HMSO London, 1987. Analysis country by country, with good photography of cards front and back. A Catalogue raisonee of the Museum's collection follows.

Albert Field, Transformational Playing Cards, US Games Systems,Inc., Stamford, Conn., 1987.

Roger Tilley, Playing Cards, Weidenfeld and Nicholson, London 1967

Tal Streeter, The Art of the Japanese Kite, Weatherhill, New York, Tokio, 1989 [1974] 1967 see section on bamboo and paper

"In Japan, for various reasons, partly traditional, partly arising out of the climate, the environment and economic necessity, paper is used for many utilitarian purposes. This functional expediency in the use of a relatively inexpensive and readily available material, when acted upon by the innate sensibility of the Japanese people, has resulted in a variety of things which, though ephemeral, are often artful and amusing. Paper folding is a favourite pastime for both children and adults in Japan, and yet it is important enough to be recognised as an art for exhibition... In Mexico and Japan, perhaps more than any other countries, paper has been elaborated into the pattern of culture. It may be that their backgrounds of exceptional sources of natural disaster s, which take a heavy toll of lives , are conducive to the elaboration of art forms symbolically frail and ephemeral, explosive and transitory - paper toys and lanterns, firecrackers and friable pottery. ...... "

Pauline Johnson, CREATING WITH PAPER, Kaye, London, 1960.