Henry C.Pitz,

Ink Drawing Techniques,

Watson Guptill,

New York,




Pen and Ink - Its Character ( e.g. directness, the limitations of the medium. simplicity and vitality).

Methods of Study (studying the past, a good teacher, studying current practice in the magazines and books)

Materials (e.g. pen nibs and holders)

Where and How to Work (safe bottle stands)

Line (e.g. hatching, squiggles)

Tone (see the Five Values - the seven tone scale)

Light and Shadow (e.g. various renderings of the same subject)

Building the Picture (three stages of a drawing's development, for Collier's)

The Brush (split brush, dry brush, and various brush forms)

The Felt Nib (e.g.chart of commonly used felt nibs)

Pen and Ink with Other media (e.g. pen and wash, flooded drawings, also with litho pencil additions, litho tints, charcoal and wash additions)

Special Techniques (e.g. stipple, spatter, rubbed textures on tracing paper, drawing with resist method, grey ink over rubbing, pen line and ink in water)

Special Surfaces (e.g. scratchboard and patterns, Ross drawing board surfaces, Craftint Single and Doubletone)

Ink techniques for the Illustrator (e.g. working for line engraving, types of paper )

Beyond technique (attitudes, flair combined with technique, vigilance that technique does not lead to complacency)

Illustrated throughout with drawings by the author, the Director of the Illustration Department of Illustration at the Philadelphia Museum School of Art, and the illustrator of, among many titles, a wonderful edition of Moby Dick. Also ends with a useful list of Selected Books. Other illustrations are from Pitz' own collection and include some great drawings by Bawden, Fawcett, Topolski and Steve Dohanos.

"The artist is conscious that he is moving in a rut and must cast about for drastic means to pull himself out of it... He becomes aware of the paradox of technical dexterity. He has spent years teaching his hand the cunning to translate the images of his imagination, only to find that the hard won competence has encouraged complacency. The competence has become a system and a technique is making the pictures....So the artist must lead a life of vigilance.."