THE LANDSCAPE AS METAPHOR and The Moral Landscape
 

 
01 The Broad and Narrow Way, ?Schacher, 38 x 42 cms lithograph.

02  from Heinrich Kunrath, Amphitheatrum aternae sapiente Hanau 1609 There are 21 separate suburbs in the Citadel - to emphasise the rightness of the one path, only one has a route to the centre which has barriers and checks of its own.
 
03 George Withers, A Collection of Emblems, London 1635. This engraving was designed and executed by William Marshall and was the basis of many later copies. The landscape teems with moral decisions and their consequences.


04 Gift handkerchief given to a child, c1800 from book catal. Realms of Childhood , Schiller, New York, 1983.

05 J.D.Mylius, Opus medico-chymicum, Frankfurt 1618 - 1620. This is one of the finest and most detailed of the alchemical book illustrations, almost inpenetrable yet because of the simple device of symmetry allowing an interpretation of comparisons - Sun/Moon, King Queen,Lion/Stag.
 
06 from John Bunyan, The Holy War, Made by Shaddai Upon Diabolus, Alsop, London 1682. "The Towne of Mansoul".

07 The Alchemical Citadel

Otto Veen, The Temple of Chronos, from Teatro Moral Paris, 1761
after Hendrik Goltzius, The Table of Cebes, a three stage landscape of the approach to Moral Purification, 1592 ; printed from three plates, the image purports to represent in the single image the passage of a human life in the journey to salvation.
Gavin Kirkham's version for the British market, The Broad and the Narrow Way 40 x 47 cms (CM coll) The Kirkham text originally commissioned in germany in the 1860's , that the path to Hell is paved with the use of trains on a Sunday.

see also

EMBLEMS