Oliver Byrne's redrawing of Euclid in colour and shape, was published
in 1847. See Tufte, op.cit., p.84 that Byrne discards the letter coding
of geometry for a building set of coloured shapes which, when added
on the page, can be seen to add up. The experiment was a laudable one
but one which had no subsequent influence that I can discover. Apart
from Mondrian and the De Stijl movement.
The First Six Books of Euclid with coloured diagrams,
Pickering London 1847.
Byrne was a mathematician and
Her Majesty's Surveyor of the
See also R.Maclean, Victorian Book Design and Coloured Printing, NY